We live in an age where shopping for groceries leaves you feeling like you need an enigma machine to decode labels, and everyone seems to be jumping on a new trend, a new diet or recommending a big new lifestyle change that’s going to “transform your world!"
We know it can be confusing to keep up with all the different buzzwords that get thrown at you everyday. So, here’s a curated list of Food, Nutrition and Lifestyle Buzzwords: what they really mean and how they work. We aim at providing you with enough information (in no way promoting any of them), so that you have a better understanding of what may (or may not) work for you !
Veganism is the practice of abstaining from the use of animal products, particularly in diet. Yes, both vegans and vegetarians exclude meat and fish from their diets but being vegans goes a step further to exclude any food made from animal origin. This includes dairy products, honey and eggs.
Being vegan has become more of a lifestyle than a diet, and aims to prevent the slaughter of animals and to protect the environment a little at a time. Vegans also tend to avoid animal bi products such as leather, slik, gelatin and fur. As for the health benefits, vegan food is packed full of nutrients (duh, they’re mostly fruits and vegetables). 
Here’s a video on how you can incorporate certain aspects of this philosophy into your everyday life,
A ketogenic or Keto diet involves drastically reducing your carbohydrate intake and replacing it with fats. This puts your body into a metabolic state called Ketosis. When your body is in ketosis, it becomes very efficient at burning fat for energy instead of carbs and also starts converting fat into ketones in the liver. Avoiding carbs for a day isn’t going to cut it. Getting into ketosis usually takes a couple of days.
The standard keto diet consists of 70% fats, 20% protein and 10% carbs. The common sources of fat for keto diets are fish, eggs, nuts and healthy oils. When done properly, ketogenics can aid in significantly reducing blood sugar and insulin levels. However, for long term weight loss, it isn’t a sustainable diet because you have to be very vigilant while on it. 
Here’s are some great keto recipes to try at home,
Intermittent fasting is one of the most popular diets at the moment. It focuses not on what you eat but when you eat. It is an eating pattern that alternates between eating and fasting. The most common pattern being 8 hours of eating and 16 hours of fasting, where you skip breakfast.
Other forms of IF include The 5:2 where you fast for 2 days a week and The Eat-stop-eat where you eat every alternate day. IF can aid in weight loss, disease prevention, mental sharpness and an increase in favourable hormones. The shortcomings of IF are that there aren't any guidelines on what you can and cannot eat. There are also certain side effects to fasting such as headaches and heartburn to take into consideration. 
Here’s a fun video to answer some of your questions on IF,
Drinking has been portrayed as the ideal option for both celebrations and low points, so much so that not drinking would be considered strange or out of the ordinary. However, this culture is changing...
Sober curious simply means to avoid the consumption of alcohol for health or wellness reasons and not because of an addiction or dependency. Sober curious people question what fuels them to drink and how alcohol affects their lives. Alcohol dependency is a grey area and not just divided into alcoholics and regular drinkers. The idea is to question every drinking situation instead of just going along with what everyone else is doing. Bars and brands across the world have adapted to this new culture by providing alcohol free cocktail options for their customers. 
Here’s why millennials are choosing to be sober curious,
Antioxidants slow down or reduce oxidation by fighting free radicals in our body. When the level of free radicals is higher than that of antioxidants, it can cause Oxidative Stress. Similar to how an apple when cut and left on the kitchen counter turns brown, the Oxidative Stress in your body can damage DNA and cells. DNA damage has been closely linked to aging, cancer and other illnesses.
Even though your body has its own antioxidant defense, there are certain foods that are rich in antioxidants and can help boost this defense like: 
Dark chocolate- 15mmol of antioxidants per 100g
Pecans- 10.6 mmol of antioxidants per 100g
Blueberries- 9.2 mmol of antioxidants per 100g
Kale- 2.7 mmol of antioxidants per 100g
Bonus: Herbs, spices and coffee are also great sources!
Here are some good ways to boost your antioxidant intake,
Our bodies are a home to over 100 trillion bacteria. Before you get scared, these are mostly good bacteria (very few kinds of bacteria can actually harm you). They live mostly in our gut and aid in digestion, nutrition absorption and immunity. Probiotics are these healthy bacteria that are present in foods or supplements. Foods such as yogurt, sauerkraut, tempeh, and kimchi are probiotic and can help in skin improvement and reduce inflammation among other things. 
P.S. Did you know that stress can cause lower levels of good bacteria to thrive in your body? So take a deep breath! You got this.
Here is the 101 on probiotics and it’s myths,